Magnet Hospitals: Impact on Diagnostic Imaging Utilization and Costs of Care
Objective: To investigate the impact of Magnet status on utilization of diagnostic imaging services by hospitals and evaluate the impact of such utilization on healthcare costs.
Methods: The study uses a data set created by merging hospital level data from the American Hospital Association Annual Survey, Hospital Cost Reporting Information System reports
collected by Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, individual level inpatient data from Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, and Magnet recognition status data from American Nurses Credentialing Center. Descriptive statistics and appropriate panel data regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the impact of Magnet status on utilization of diagnostic imaging services and costs of care. This study focused on CT, MRI, and ultrasound procedures in hospitals in urban locations between 2000-2010 from the following ten states AZ, CA, CO, FL, IA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, and WA.
Results: Preliminary results indicate negative and significant effect of Magnet status on the utilization of Ultrasound procedures and CT scans in comparison to non-Magnet hospitals. However, Magnet status does not have a significant effect on utilization of MRI procedures, although the effect seems to be negative. Preliminary results do not indicate significant effect of Magnet status on costs of care of MRI, CT or Ultrasound procedures.
Conclusion: The preliminary results seem to indicate that Magnet hospitals are more likely to utilize specific types of diagnostic imaging services such as Ultrasounds and CT scans in comparison to non-Magnet hospitals, although the effect of this utilization on costs of care is not yet clear. However, more analyses will be conducted, and final results will be presented at the conference. The findings from this study will contribute to the growing body of knowledge on Magnet hospital behavior and its impact on healthcare markets and costs of care, especially related to delivery of healthcare services.